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What Are Commercial Real Estate Loans?

A commercial real estate loan is a mortgage on any space that is used to generate income — commercial, residential, or industrial.

How Do I Get Approved?

First, send in your application package.

Second, your lender will appraise the property to get its value.

Third, your application will go through the credit approval process and will then either be approved or denied.

Last, if approved, you’ll agree and finalize the terms.

What Do I Need?

Qualifying for a commercial real estate loan is a more rigorous process than applying for a residential loan.

You’ll need:

  • A detailed business plan

  • The plans you have for the property

  • 3-5 years of financial documents (business and personal)

  • Your personal credit history

Interest Rates

Your interest rate will depend on your loan-to-value ratio (LTV), type of business, credit score, and overall financial health and stability.


In addition to a 20% – 30% down payment, you will also need to pay other upfront fees, like:

  • Property appraisal

  • Survey fees

  • Legal Costs

  • Loan origination

The Commercial Loan Broker

  • Helps the borrower understand the loan and its guidelines

  • Prepares a loan application that can increase your chances for success

  • Represents the borrower’s interests throughout the process

Finding a Commercial Real Estate Loan


  • Banks offer good interest rates for their lenders, but they are reserved only for people who have very good credit.

  • The application process is slow and requires more documentation

Commercial Lenders

The Small Business Administration

  • The SBA 7(a) loan can be used to buy real estate, buy equipment, refinance debt, or to buy a business or franchise.

I’m Ready to Make an Offer!

Get to know the building and area.

  • Determine if renovations need to be made and if you could expand if you ever need to.

  • Find out how old the building is.

  • Ask about anything that could impact the property’s value (like environmental or structural issues).

  • Visit various properties in the area.

Think about your budget and your needs.

  • Set up a clear budget early on to negotiate more effectively.

  • Think about how much space you need.

  • Decide how important location is to you.

  • Ensure your budget can meet your needs.

Then, make your offer.

  • Hire a lawyer before signing any paperwork.

  • Know your rights and obligations, and make sure that you understand the entire contract.

  • Sign a Letter of Intent (LOI) outlining the terms of the transaction.

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